Israel-Iran Tensions: A Threat to India?

Israel-Iran Tensions: A Threat to India?

The escalating tensions between Iran and Israel have raised concerns over potential disruptions in the supply of crucial commodities, particularly oil and liquefied natural gas (LNG), with significant implications for markets worldwide. In this analysis, we delve into the ramifications of the conflict on India's energy imports and the volatility it may introduce to Indian markets.

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The Strait of Hormuz: Key Passage at Risk

The Strait of Hormuz, a narrow maritime corridor between Oman and Iran, serves as a vital route for global energy trade. With approximately 40 km at its narrowest point, this passage facilitates the transportation of 6.3 million barrels of crude oil per day from major exporters such as SaudiArabia, UAE, and Iran.

India's Reliance on Energy Imports

India heavily depends on imports for its energy needs, sourcing 85% of its crude oil from Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and the UAE, and LNG primarily from Qatar. The Strait of Hormuz plays a pivotal role in facilitating these imports, making any disruption in this passage a cause for concern.

Impacts on Oil and LNG Prices

Experts caution that a blockade of the Strait of Hormuz could lead to supply bottlenecks, resulting in a surge in crude oil and LNG prices. Motilal Oswal Financial Services predicts a significant escalation in prices, particularly for LNG due to limited alternative routes. Current crude oil prices at $90 per barrel could experience further spikes if tensions persist.

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India's Resilience and Cushion

Despite the looming threat, India possesses some resilience against sudden price surges. With a substantial portion of its oil imports coming from Russia, India stands to mitigate the impact to some extent. Director of CareEdge Ratings, Hardik Shah, believes that India's reliance on Russian crude, comprising 30% of total imports, could help stabilize import bills amid rising prices.

Market Volatility on the Horizon

The Iran-Israel conflict adds to existing market uncertainties, including subdued Q4 earnings and foreign institutional investor (FII) activity. The upcoming US Federal Reserve meeting further compounds market anxieties. Analysts anticipate heightened volatility in Indian stock markets, with market reactions closely tied to developments in both global geopolitics and corporate earnings.


As tensions escalate between Iran and Israel, the risk of disruptions to oil and LNG supplies via the Strait of Hormuz raises concerns for India and global markets alike. While efforts towards de-escalation offer some hope, the potential for market volatility underscores the need for vigilance and strategic planning in the face of geopolitical uncertainties.

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